What is the woman’s suffrage movement?

The woman’s suffrage movement began in the early 19th century and dovetailed with other social movements, such as the abolition (abolishing slavery) and temperance (abstaining from alcohol) movements.

Organizations such as the National Woman Suffrage Association and the American Woman Suffrage Association campaigned for universal suffrage in the United States.

The woman’s suffrage movement has a complicated history. Like much of American in the post-Civil War and reconstruction eras, African American women were often excluded especially in southern states.

Suffrage organizations often lead by affluent white women, excluded black women from their groups in an attempt to gain support of the southern states or through racist biases.

Eartha White with delegates of the City Federation of Colored Women's Clubs of Jacksonville

Eartha M.M. White with delegates of the City Federation of Colored Women's Clubs of Jacksonville, Florida.

What is the 19th Amendment?